How do vitamins work?









Vitamins are the building blocks that keep our bodies running; they help build muscle and bone, capture energy, heal wounds and more. But if our body doesn’t create vitamins, how do they get into our system?

Watch a video and choose the best answer for each question.

1. Humans need the correct amount of vitamins to function. Too much or too little of any one vitamin can cause problems. List five vitamins and problems associated with too much of each one.




2. How many vitamins are necessary to keep the human body running?

a) 1

b) 3

c) 5

d) Too many to count

e) None are essential

3. Which vitamins are water-soluble?

a) A & B

b) B & C

c) C & D

d) D & E

e) E & K

4. Where can you find water-soluble vitamins in your body?

a) Skin cells

b) Muscle

c) Blood

d) Fingernails

e) Saliva

5. How do lipid-soluble vitamins from milk and butter dissolve in the body?

a) They are covered by lipid droplets and moved around the muscles

b) They are absorbed directly by the blood because our blood plasma is lipid-based

c) They can’t be dissolved because we can’t absorb them

d) They are broken down by acids from the intestines and absorbed into the blood

e) They are consolidated into large particles and stored in a specific place in the body

6. Which benefits can vitamins provide our body?

a) Release energy from food

b) Defend infection and immunity

c) Make blood and bones

d) Make sure all the cells are working properly and sufficiently

e) All of them

7. How many fruits and vegetables do you need to get enough daily vitamins?

a) Eat as much as you can of any one fruit or vegetable; there’s no limitation

b) Don’t get too many of any one fruit or veggie; levels can become toxic

c) One apple per day is enough to have all vitamins you need

d) Fruits and vegetables aren’t necessary; we can eat meat to get all the necessary vitamins

e) Different fruits and vegetables provide different vitamins, and we need them all

8. Record 10 new words you want to learn in your vocabulary journal

The example of vocabulary journal :








The Creators :

  1. Ginnie Trinh Nguyen
  2. Assaf Benharroch
  3. Nadav Arbel
  4. Emma Bryce
    Script Editor

What is the World Wide Web?







The World Wide Web is used every day by millions of people for everything from checking the weather to sharing cat videos. But what is it exactly?

Watch a video and choose the best answer for each question.

1. The World Wide Web and the Internet are the same thing, just called different names.

a) True

b) False

2. Who owns the World Wide Web?

a) Tim Berners-Lee

b) Web Hosts

c) Internet Service Providers

d) No one and everyone

3. Hyperlinks help us connect information in a similar way as our brains think.

a) True

b) False

4. What do you need to be able to find websites online easily?

a) Map

b) Domain name

c) Street sign

d) Coding experience

5. What do you need to start a website of your own?

a) A place to host your web files

b) A domain name that directs people to your space

c) A way to turn your information into web languages (HTML, JavaScript)

d) All of the above

6. Why does no one own the web?




Lesson by Twila Camp

Getting started as a DJ: Mixing, mashups and digital turntables









DJ and producer Cole Plante is only 17 years old, but he’s already worked alongside industry superstars Skrillex, Avicii and Major Lazer (to name just a few). In this combination talk and DJ set, Plante shows off his mixing magic and gives tips to aspiring DJs.

Watch a video and choose the best answer for each question.

1. Plante says that the thing that’s great about DJing is that you can ________.

a) Combine various genres into one idea (dance, jazz, rap, hip hop, etc.)

b) You can take one genre and improve upon it

c) DJing can change the original intent of an artist and make his/her work better than it was before

d) All of the above

2. What is a mashup?

a) When a DJ raises a lever all the way up to the top of the scale, increasing its influence on a track

b) Taking two or more tracks and “mashing” them into one

c) When you mix more than one genre to create a completely new genre

d) None of the above

3. Plante says that the best way to really learn is to ________.

a) Write your own software

b) Only listen to dance music

c) Take a college course

d) Ask a friend

4. List at least one of the effects a DJ is able to achieve by using a mixer.




5. Explain why it’s easy to get started as a DJ.





kcrevvqaqvtqy7lzyrv2Cole Plante

What is a calorie?











We hear about calories all the time: How many calories are in this cookie? How many are burned by doing 100 jumping jacks, or long-distance running, or fidgeting? But what is a calorie, really? And how many of them do we actually need?

Watch a video and choose the best answer for each question.

1. Calories are:

a)  The same as fats

b) Units we use to measure the amount of energy in our food

c) A way of heating water

d) Special proteins

2. Where is the energy stored in our food?

a) Within its chemical bonds

b) It’s only found in fats

c) In the soluble parts of our food

d) In fibre

3. How much of the energy we consume goes towards supporting the body’s basic functions?

a) 70%

b) 20%



4.  Calorie estimates for people are based on:

a) How healthy people are, on average

b) How much sugar we need

c) How much exercise people do on average

d) Average weight, muscle mass, physical activity, and other factors

5. True or false: Everyone should eat exactly 2,000 calories a day if female, and 2,500 calories a day if male.

a) True

b) False

6. Try doing a little research on calories. Look up the average amount in these five food items: an apple, a slice of bread, a chocolate chip cookie, a slice of cheese and a soft drink. Compare them with one another. Which one is the most energy-rich, and which one has the least energy?





Lesson by Emma Bryce
Script Editor by Eleanor Nelsen
Animation by Qa’ed Mai


1. In which part of the Pacific Ocean are whale numbers increasing?

a) the northern part
b) the eastern part
c) the middle
d) the bottom

2. How many blue whales are in the area between Mexico and Alaska?

a) 220
b) 12,000
c) over 2,200
d) 22,000

3. When was hunting and killing whales made illegal?

a) 1974
b) 1973
c) 1972
d) 1971

4. What is the world’s largest mammal?

a) the African elephant
b) the blue whale
c) the komodo dragon
d) the giraffe

5. What kind of great success story did Dr Monnahan say this is?

a) conservation
b) conversation
c) consecration
d) consternation

6.  What did Dr Monnahan say whale numbers might not do?

a) go up any more
b) become even
c) multiply
d) level out

7. What did Dr Monnahan say still needs to happen?

a) fishing
b) studying
c) whaling
d) whale protection

8. Why are blue whales recovering?

a) better medicines
b) they have become stronger
c) because of actions taken
d) natural selection

9. What did Dr Monnahan say the blue whale was pushed near to?

a) fishing boats
b) sharks
c) the Equator
d) extinction

10. What did whales do with careful management and conservation?

a) grow bigger
b) rebuild populations
c) learn to communicate
d) become better swimmers

Lesson by Breaking News English


Why elephants never forget

It’s a common saying that elephants never forget. But the more we learn about elephants, the more it appears that their impressive memory is only one aspect of an incredible intelligence that makes them some of the most social, creative, and benevolent creatures on Earth.

Watch a video and choose the best answer for each question.

1. Why do elephant herds with older matriarchs have better survival rates?

a. They are stronger when fighting other matriarchs

b. They have more life experience to draw on when facing problems

c. They will die sooner and their remains will feed the herd

d. They have more offspring, which increases the size of the herd

2. How is an elephant’s brain size related to its intelligence?

a. Its largeness

b. Its largeness relative to its body size

c. Its largeness relative to the brain size predicted for its body size

d. No relation

3. Which of the following is NOT a method of elephant communication?

a. Infrasound rumbles that travel through the ground

b. Body signals

c. Echolocation

d. Vocalization

4. Which of the following is something that no other animals besides elephants and humans do?

a. Mourning their dead

b. Distinguishing musical tones

c. Remembering individual herd members

d. Showing empathy

5. What are some threats to elephants’ survival?

a. Habitat destruction

b. Ivory trade

c. Mistreatment in captivity

d. All of the above

6. What are some ways in which elephants show empathy and a sense of justice?




Lesson by Alex Gendler, Animation by Avi Ofer

Why is biodiversity so important?

Our planet’s diverse, thriving ecosystems may seem like permanent fixtures, but they’re actually vulnerable to collapse. Jungles can become deserts, and reefs can become lifeless rocks. What makes one ecosystem strong and another weak in the face of change?

Watch a video and choose the best answer for each question.

1.  An organism that others may depend on for survival is called a(n):

a. Keystone species

b. Interdependent species

c. Diverse species

d. Vulnerable species

2. Coral reefs are essential for the survival of other organisms. They provide:

a. Microhabitats

b. Shelter

c. Breeding grounds

d. All of the above

3. The tapir and agouti are ______ found in the Amazon Rainforest.

a. Carnivores

b. Omnivores

c. Herbivores

d. Decomposers

4. What may cause a species to become less genetically diverse?

a. Isolation from members of its species

b. Low population numbers

c. Both A and B

d. None of the above

5. Ecosystem diversity, species diversity, genetic diversity all intertwine to create ______.

a. Vulnerability

b. Biodiversity

c. Interdependence

d. Recycling

6. Humans have cut and frayed the woven tapestry of Earth’s biodiversity. List and describe three ways.




Lesson by Kim Preshoff, Dircted by Biljana Labovic, Animation by Lisa LaBracio and Script edited by Emma Bryce