1. In which part of the Pacific Ocean are whale numbers increasing?

a) the northern part
b) the eastern part
c) the middle
d) the bottom

2. How many blue whales are in the area between Mexico and Alaska?

a) 220
b) 12,000
c) over 2,200
d) 22,000

3. When was hunting and killing whales made illegal?

a) 1974
b) 1973
c) 1972
d) 1971

4. What is the world’s largest mammal?

a) the African elephant
b) the blue whale
c) the komodo dragon
d) the giraffe

5. What kind of great success story did Dr Monnahan say this is?

a) conservation
b) conversation
c) consecration
d) consternation

6.  What did Dr Monnahan say whale numbers might not do?

a) go up any more
b) become even
c) multiply
d) level out

7. What did Dr Monnahan say still needs to happen?

a) fishing
b) studying
c) whaling
d) whale protection

8. Why are blue whales recovering?

a) better medicines
b) they have become stronger
c) because of actions taken
d) natural selection

9. What did Dr Monnahan say the blue whale was pushed near to?

a) fishing boats
b) sharks
c) the Equator
d) extinction

10. What did whales do with careful management and conservation?

a) grow bigger
b) rebuild populations
c) learn to communicate
d) become better swimmers

Lesson by Breaking News English


Why elephants never forget

It’s a common saying that elephants never forget. But the more we learn about elephants, the more it appears that their impressive memory is only one aspect of an incredible intelligence that makes them some of the most social, creative, and benevolent creatures on Earth.

Watch a video and choose the best answer for each question.

1. Why do elephant herds with older matriarchs have better survival rates?

a. They are stronger when fighting other matriarchs

b. They have more life experience to draw on when facing problems

c. They will die sooner and their remains will feed the herd

d. They have more offspring, which increases the size of the herd

2. How is an elephant’s brain size related to its intelligence?

a. Its largeness

b. Its largeness relative to its body size

c. Its largeness relative to the brain size predicted for its body size

d. No relation

3. Which of the following is NOT a method of elephant communication?

a. Infrasound rumbles that travel through the ground

b. Body signals

c. Echolocation

d. Vocalization

4. Which of the following is something that no other animals besides elephants and humans do?

a. Mourning their dead

b. Distinguishing musical tones

c. Remembering individual herd members

d. Showing empathy

5. What are some threats to elephants’ survival?

a. Habitat destruction

b. Ivory trade

c. Mistreatment in captivity

d. All of the above

6. What are some ways in which elephants show empathy and a sense of justice?




Lesson by Alex Gendler, Animation by Avi Ofer

Why is biodiversity so important?

Our planet’s diverse, thriving ecosystems may seem like permanent fixtures, but they’re actually vulnerable to collapse. Jungles can become deserts, and reefs can become lifeless rocks. What makes one ecosystem strong and another weak in the face of change?

Watch a video and choose the best answer for each question.

1.  An organism that others may depend on for survival is called a(n):

a. Keystone species

b. Interdependent species

c. Diverse species

d. Vulnerable species

2. Coral reefs are essential for the survival of other organisms. They provide:

a. Microhabitats

b. Shelter

c. Breeding grounds

d. All of the above

3. The tapir and agouti are ______ found in the Amazon Rainforest.

a. Carnivores

b. Omnivores

c. Herbivores

d. Decomposers

4. What may cause a species to become less genetically diverse?

a. Isolation from members of its species

b. Low population numbers

c. Both A and B

d. None of the above

5. Ecosystem diversity, species diversity, genetic diversity all intertwine to create ______.

a. Vulnerability

b. Biodiversity

c. Interdependence

d. Recycling

6. Humans have cut and frayed the woven tapestry of Earth’s biodiversity. List and describe three ways.




Lesson by Kim Preshoff, Dircted by Biljana Labovic, Animation by Lisa LaBracio and Script edited by Emma Bryce

Should we eat bugs?

What’s tasty, abundant and high in protein? Bugs! Although less common outside the tropics, entomophagy, the practice of eating bugs, was once extremely widespread throughout cultures. You may feel icky about munching on insects, but they feed about 2 billion people each day (Mmm, fried tarantulas). They also hold promise for food security and the environment.

Watch a video about the practice of eating bugs and choose the best answer for each question.

1. How many people eat bugs worldwide?

a) 2 billion

b) 500,000

c) 3 million

d) 75 million

2. The ___________ historically enjoyed beetle larvae.

a) Aboriginal Australians

b) Native Americans

c) The Ancient Greeks

d) The Romans

3. When did our attitude towards eating bugs begin to change?

a) In the last 100 years

b) Around 10,000 BC

c) 1700

d) 1250 AD

4. How many different insect species do people eat around the world?

a) 1,500

b) 2,000

c) 750

d) 1 million

5. Which part of the world currently eats insects the most?

a) Asia

b) The Americas

c) Countries in the tropics

d) The Polar Regions

6. Some insects are made of up to 80% protein.

a) True

b) False

7. List some creative ways for changing people’s perception of bugs as pests.




Lesson by Emma Bryce, Animation by Alicia Reece  & Julia Iverson

What really happens to the plastic you throw away

We’ve all been told that we should recycle plastic bottles and containers. But what actually happens to the plastic if we just throw it away?

Watch a video about the life cycles of three different plastic bottles and choose the best answer for each question.

1. The chains that ultimately form plastic are known as:

a) Monomers

b) Polymers

c) Oil and gas molecules

d) Plastic fibers

2. Leachate is produced as:

a) Rainwater absorbs water-soluble compounds in layers of trash

b) Plastic flows into ponds and streams

c) Toxic waste is emptied into ponds and streams

d) Metal comes into contact with water

3. Marine animals are impacted by ocean plastic because:

a) It is full of toxins

b) It traps them, and when they eat it can starve them

c) It takes up space in their natural habitat

d) It kills their food, meaning they’re left with nothing to eat

4. What’s one way we can reduce plastic’s impact on the environment?

a) By burying it

b) By burning it

c) By shredding it into pieces

d) By recycling it

5. Most plastics don’t biodegrade.

a) True

b) False

6. Make a list of some products you think recycled plastics could be turned into.




Lesson by Emma Bryce, animation by Peter Gosling & Sharon Colman Graham


What we know (and don’t know) about Ebola

The highly virulent Ebola virus has seen a few major outbreaks since it first appeared in 1976 — with the worst epidemic occurring in 2014. How does the virus spread, and what exactly does it do to the body?

Watch a video about Ebola and choose the best answer for each question.

1. What animals are thought to be the natural carriers of the Ebola virus?

a. Monkeys

b. Fruit bats

c. Elephants

d. Rats

2. What do Ebola victims usually die from?

a. Loss of vital organs

b. Opportunistic infections

c. Bleeding from immune system overload

d. Brain hemorrhage

3. What is the best treatment currently available for the Ebola virus?

a. Supportive care and rehydration therapy

b. Preventative Ebola vaccine

c. Amputation of infected areas

d. Leeches

4. Where does the Ebola virus get its name?

a. The doctor who discovered it

b. The river in the area where the first outbreak occurred

c. The first victim to die from it

d. Word for ‘death’ in the local language

5. Which diseases kill more people than Ebola?

a. Influenza

b. Measles

c. Malaria

d. All of the above


Lesson by Alex Gendler, animation by Andrew Foerster

Past simple or present perfect simple or continuous?

Put the verbs into the correct tense (simple past or present perfect simple).

1.   A: (you / taste / ever) ____________sushi?
2.  B: Yes, I (eat) ________ sushi at least five times so far.
3.  A: When (you / eat)  _________ sushi for the first time?
4.  B: I (eat) _________ sushi for the first time on my dad’s 50th birthday. He (invite) _______ the whole family to a Japanese restaurant.
5.  A: (you / like) ________ it?
6.  B: Absolutely. In fact, it (be) _______ so good that we (be) ________ to that restaurant three times yet. And on my mum’s birthday, we (order) _______ some sushi and (have) _______ it at home.

Fill in the correct form (Present Perfect Simple or Present Perfect Continuous).

1.  You (eat / not) ______ up yet.
2.  He (speak / not) _______ on the phone for half an hour, just a couple of minutes.
3.  They (work / not) _______ since 5 o’clock. They just started an hour ago.
4.  We (know / not) _______ them for a long time.
5.  She (hang / not) _______ up all the pictures yet.